Proof that Allah (Mighty & Majestic) sent prophets and messengers

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Proof that Allah (Mighty & Majestic) sent prophets and messengers:

 

1.Man's unspoiled, good nature and sound, straightforward reason:

 

     Allah (Mighty & Majestic) created human beings and designed them to believe in His Existence (Noble & Sublime) and His Oneness. He sent to them prophets and messengers of their own kind (human), speaking their own language, so that they might comprehend him and understand from him, and also that they might be able to talk to him and converse with him.

     If He (Noble & Sublime) had sent to mankind a messenger of another type, like the angels, they would not have been able to face him or receive knowledge from him.

     As such, it was from among the duties of prophets and messengers, according to the Saying of Allah Most High,

 

{And We send not the Messengers but as givers of glad tidings and as warners. So whosoever believes and does righteous good deeds, upon such shall come no fear, nor shall they grieve. * But those who reject Our Signs, the torment will touch them for their disbelief.}

[Al-An`aam 6: 48-49]

 

     In other words, the prophet and messengers came bearing glad tidings of goodness, reward and blessing to Allah's good, believing slaves from Him (Blessed & Exalted). They were also sent to warn those who disbelieve in Allah Almighty and deny His signs (following in this their vain desires and trivial passions) of torment and punishment from Him (Noble & Sublime).

     Man's unspoiled nature and sound reason do not deny what we have mentioned, nor do they stand against it; rather, they accept and agree with it in the strongest way. In fact, man's good nature and sound reason reject and oppose anyone who tries to make them doubt that Allah (Mighty & Majestic) sent prophets and messengers.

     As a supplement to clarify the Wisdom of Allah (Mighty & Majestic) in sending prophets and messengers from among the same kind as those they were sent to (humans):

 

- If the prophets and messengers had been from among the angels, for instance, the people would not have been able to see them in their true form, due to the splendor of their appearance, and they would not have taken to them. They would have been overcome with fear and trembling when they spoke or touched them, and this would have made their speech and invitation of no benefit.

 

- If the angels had come as prophets and messengers in human form, it would have been confusing for the people, and they would have said to them: You are not angels; you are human.

 

-If the prophets and messengers had been from among the angels, men would not have been able to imitate them well.

 

If the angels called people to do what Allah (Mighty & Majestic) commanded them to do—from performing their religious duties to forsaking what they were forbidden to do—and if the angels had modeled this behavior for them, by obeying the Commands of Allah (Mighty & Majestic) and avoiding what Allah (Noble & Sublime) had forbidden them, so that the people could emulate them, the people would have said: It is not within our capacity to do what you have called us to do. You—angels—are able to do it and fulfill everything you were called to do because you are angels, and you are strong, but we are human, and we are weak.

     That is why, in the Ultimate Wisdom of Allah (Mighty & Majestic), He sent prophets and messengers from among the same kind of being as those to whom they were sent—human beings. This is in addition to the many other wisdoms we have discussed, so we will suffice ourselves with the aforementioned.

 

2.Belief in the Perfect, Ultimate Wisdom of Allah (Mighty & Majestic), in accordance with His Saying (Noble & Sublime), {And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.}[Al-Hashr 59: 1]

 

We have mentioned before the Supreme Attributes of Allah (Mighty & Majestic) and His Absolute Power, and we have proven it scientifically, with a variety of incontrovertible evidence and clear proof.

     Among the Supreme Attributes of Allah (Glorious & Exalted), there is that which demands of us that we believe in it: His Complete, Ultimate, Perfect Wisdom.

     For to God the Creator (Noble & Sublime), belongs Absolute Perfection in all His Names and Attributes.

     From the Wisdom of Allah (Mighty & Majestic) is that He provided for man everything his body needs, from food, drink, clothing, and balance in the universe which acts for man's benefit—from earth, sun, moon, sky, mountains, cultivation, animals, birds, water, etc.—He (Noble & Sublime), in His Wisdom and Perfection, provided man with what his soul needs, for this more important than his body. He provided an upstanding religion, lofty instructions, and guiding rites of worship, which bring him closer to his God and Creator, and to victory in the realm of blessing and good pleasure.

     But, from where can a human being learn what pleases his God and Creator?

     It was the prophets and messengers who were tasked with the job of calling people to Allah Almighty. It was their responsibility to invite people to that which is pleasing to God, the Supreme Creator: Allah, Lord of the Worlds.

     Then if any disbelieved—in error and contempt—that Allah Almighty had sent messengers to His creation, due to their false claim that they (those who deny the prophets and messengers) had found the world independent of any knowledge and without any of the commands of the prophets and messengers, seeing as how they can discover good and evil through reason alone, then it was the job of the prophets and messengers to refute their arguments and doubts, saying to them:

    Do you not see that when Allah's servants remind one another, warn one another, and teach one another, their knowledge, gratitude, obedience to Allah Almighty, and fear of Him (Noble & Sublime) increase? According to them, they will say: Yes, since that is part of what sound, rational, rightly-guided minds must do.

     We say to them: Therefore, the persistent succession of prophets and messengers were only sent by Allah Almighty to His creation in order to renew the covenant of Allah (Noble & Sublime) with His slaves—that they believe in Him, affirm His Oneness, and purify their worship for Him Alone—on the tongues of His prophets and messengers. Likewise, were the succession of warnings, reminders, and guidance to proper rites of worship, noble directives, prudent standards of interaction, and upstanding laws, in addition to the details of ambiguous matters, between what Allah (Mighty & Majestic) has permitted and what He has forbidden, and thus, true awareness of both paths: the good and the evil, without conjecture or assumption, and without blindly following vain desires, especially since the nature, ideas, and standards of human beings differ.

     As such, it is from the Perfection of Allah's Wisdom that He sent prophets and messengers, out of compassion and mercy from Him (Blessed & Exalted) toward His slaves.

     Another example of this is:

     If there was a king or ruler and some of his soldiers rebelled against him, would it not be from wisdom, justice, leniency, and reconciliation for this ruler to send a messenger to them to tell them to abandon their rebellion and forsake their resistance and disobedience before crushing them without advising them first and taking them by surprise without forewarning? (1)

     The answer is: Of course, for that is from wisdom, justice, mercy, and compassion.

 

(1)The Method of Argument and Debate in Settling Matters of Belief(Manhaj al-Jadal wal-Munadharah fi Taqrir al-I`tiqaad), by Dr. Uthman Ali Hassan

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