There are many sons of God in the Bible, are they all Gods?
The title “Son of God”, which was attributed to Jesus (PBUH), was attributed to many others, and they were not considered as gods. However, their son-ship was metaphoric, meaning, believers and righteous. According to the Bible, the following people are sons of God:
Adam was the Son of God. “Adam, which was the son of God.”(Luke 3:38)
David was the Son of God. “I will declare the decree: the LORD has said to me, you art my Son; this day have I begotten you.” (Psalms 2:7)
Solomon was the Son of God. “He shall build me a house, and I will establish his throne for ever. I will be his father, and he shall be my son”(Chro.1 17:12-13)
The writer of Luke gave this title to the angels, because the use of it was common.“For they are equal to the angels; and are the children of God.” (Luke 20:36)
Other passages named others as sons of God or that God is their father. The disciples were sons of God, but no Christian said that they were Gods. “But go to my brethren, and say to them, I ascend to my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God.” (John 20:17) “Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.” (Matt. 5:48)
The entire Jewish race is also the Children of God.“They said to him, "We were not born of sexual immorality. We have one Father--even God." ” (John 8:41)
What come in Psalms and Job are alike. “For who in the heaven can be compared unto the LORD? Who among the sons of the mighty can be likened unto the LORD?” (Psalms 89:6)
“Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD.” (Job 1:6)
We also see that the Torah had given this title to the strong and noble people, and no Christian or others considered them as Gods. “The sons of God saw that the daughters of man were attractive. And they took as their wives any they chose. when the sons of God came in to the daughters of man and they bore children to them. These were the mighty men who were of old, the men of renown. ” (Gen. 6:2 - 4)
Therefore, Christians cannot take these passages as evidence of Jesus’ (PBUH) divinity, and prevent using the same for Adam, Solomon and the others. In order to do so, they have to present solid predominant evidence, which they do not and will never be able to have.
When the Jews wanted to fabricate an accusation for Jesus (PBUH), they said that he blasphemed by saying that he was the Son of God and meaning it in reality. Jesus (PBUH) rebuked them, and explained that it was metaphoric and not reality, as used in their books, which made all of the Jews sons of God.
He (PBUH) said, “If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came, and the scripture cannot be broken; Say ye of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world, Thou blasphemes; because I said, I am the Son of God? If I do not the works of my Father, believe me not.” (John 10: 35-37), meaning, if your book called you “sons of God” metaphorically, me too, I am saying that we are equal and I am the “son of God” metaphorically.