The knowldge-based leadership
The Hadeeth of the Prophet, may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, defines the leadership of the mission of renewal, and it clearly stipulates it in a way that leaves no ambiguity.
The Prophet, may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said: "The scholars are the heirs of the Prophets who bequeath neither dinar nor dirham but only that of knowledge; and he who acquires it, has in fact acquired an abundant portion.
. However, (inheritance) here requires the inheriting the Sharia knowledge in all its functions of calling to Allah and educating people. The matter is not just seeking knowledge without applying it or conveying it to the others!
It is a claimed knowledge but not that inherited from the Prophets! The Scholars who are the heirs: are the people of the delivering the message, and bearing the truths of the Quran. Abu Ishaq ash-Shatebi, may Allah have mercy on him, died 790 h.
He was one of the imams of renewal in Andalusia. Founded this meaning; he described the scholar who engage in renewal and educating people as (The heir), as well he described him as Rabbani, wise, established in knowledge, the world, and the jurist.
In texts that deserve traveling just to read them! These are all terms that indicate inheriting the (legacy) of prophecy in the approach of education and purifying the nation.