A Summary of Proof for the Existence of God the Creator

Muhammad Alsayed Muhammad

 Logical Proof

We see this universe in existence, and within it things happen that no one in creation has the power to cause, such as the existence of the universe, the heavens and the earth, the stars therein, the mountains, the rivers, the trees, sentient beings (humans) and animals, and more… We wonder: Where did all of this come from?
A. Did it occur spontaneously?
B. Did it happen without anyone to cause it?
C. Did the universe make itself?

These are three possibilities, but all of them are wrong, so we are only left with the fourth— which we have not yet mentioned—which is the truth. As for occurring spontaneously, this option is rejected by reality, because the likes of such great creatures could not have been made spontaneously, for every effect must leave a trace of its owner. The existence of these great creatures with this magnificent, regular order, which is not in conflict or disarray, could not be haphazard, because the reality—what actually happens
spontaneously—is that random changes are not ordered; they are subject to chance. As for this universe making itself, the impossibility of such an option is obvious and selfevident, because this existence was nothing before it was anything; in fact, it was a void, and a
void cannot produce something nonexistent.

As for the universe coming into existence without anything to cause it, that would be like saying that it came into being spontaneously, which as noted previously is impossible. All that is left to say is the truth—the fourth option: This existence came into being by a

Creator, Allah (Mighty & Majestic), as in the Saying of Allah Most High

{Were they created by nothing, or were they themselves the creators? * Or did they create the heavens and the earth? Nay, but they have no firm belief.}

[Al-Toor 52: 35-36

Therefore, this universe is a rational indication of the Existence of Allah (Glorious & Exalted).

II. Intuitive Proof

As indicated previously, the intuitive sense of man's pure nature is too obvious to require proof, because man believes in his Lord instinctively. Subsequently, when anything happens suddenly to anyone in the world and that thing poses a threat to him, his tongue will automatically say, without the person even noticing, "Oh Lord!" or something to that effect. This shows that man's pure instincts were designed to believe in the Existence of Allah (Mighty & Majestic) The Holy Quran draws our attention to this natural acceptance when the Most High says in the form of a rhetorical question,

{Is not He (better than your gods) Who responds to one in distress, when He calls on Him, and removes the evil…}

[Al-Naml 27:62]

As such, the human being, with his creation in this form, with such an natural tendency towards faith in God and His Oneness, is most certainly a testimony and proof of His Existence, Wisdom and Absolute Power. All the pious predecessors of this nation agree that in the nature of every being there is that which allows him to know his Creator, that which attracts him to God and

III. Observational Proof

Human instinct and man's natural inclination confesses the Existence of Allah (Glorious & Exalted), which makes man continuously seek refuge with his God and Creator (Glorious & Sublime) in prayer and asking. Without a doubt, the fact that the One Who created man and designed him in this fashion to incline instinctively and naturally to believe in Him and His Oneness, and to seek refuge with Him always through prayer and asking—is surely true testimony and convincing proof of His Existence, His Wisdom and the Absoluteness of His Power. Frequently we hear—with doubtless certainty—about the response of Allah (Glorious & Exalted) to the prayers of His good, believing servants, especially the prophets and messengers.
Frequently we see with our own eyes that which shows that Allah (Glorious & Exalted) has answered our prayers and requests. For, how many people pray to Allah Most High and say, "Oh Lord!" and then see the answer before their very eyes?  Allah (Blessed & Exalted) revealed in His Great Book (the Holy Quran) that which proves that He answers the prayers of His slaves.

For example, the saying of the Most High

{And (remember) Job, when he cried to his Lord, "Verily, distress has seized me, and You are the Most Merciful of all who show mercy." * So We answered his call, and We removed the distress that was on him…}

[Al-Anbiyaa' 21: 83-84]

 In the authentic Sunnah, it came to the Seal of Allah's Prophets and Messengers, Muhammad (pbuh), that which confirms this:

The hadith of Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him), when he said, A man entered on Friday while the Prophet (pbuh) was giving the sermon. He (the man) said

"Oh Messenger of Allah, our wealth has perished and our avenues are cut off, so pray to Allah to save us." So the Prophet (pbuh) raised his hands and said, "Oh Allah, save us! Oh Allah, save us! Oh Allah, save us!" The sky was clear, without a trace of clouds, but the Prophet (pbuh) did not descend from the pulpit except when rain was dripping from his beard (may the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) from the downfall of rain. The rain continued for an entire week until the same man came the followi Friday and said, "Oh Messenger of Allah, the buildings have been destroyed and our property is flooded, so pray to Allah to hold it (the sky from raining) back from us." So the Prophet (pbuh) raised his hands and merely said, "Oh Allah, around us, and not on us." And he gestured with his hand. He did not point in one direction except that it subsided by Allah's Leave, and the people went out, walking in sunshine.

[Reported by al-Bukhari]

This noble hadith is visual proof and sensory testament that Allah (Glorious & Exalted) answers the prayers of His prophet (pbuh).We would also like to point out that:

1.In this noble, authentic hadith, there is evidence of the truth of the prophethood of the Messenger of Allah (pbuh), in that one of the signs that he is a true messenger is that his Lord (Blessed & Exalted) supports him by answering his prayers, especially when they are seen and heard by many people, so that it serves to confirm his authority (pbuh) and the truth of his message, in addition to being testimony for all people in general (all those who learn of this hadith and other signs of prophethood) of faith and belief in his propethood and message (pbuh), and therefore, certainty in the truth of his call and the veracity of all he informed them of (pbuh).

2. In this noble, authentic hadith, there is evidence of the mercy, acuity and wisdom of Allah's Messenger (pbuh), in that he responded to the man's request initially by praying to his Lord (Blessed & Exalted) to send down upon them rain to provide for
their needs and save them. This was an indication of his compassion and mercy (pbuh). Then, after the rain continued for an entire week, the man returned a second time to ask Allah's Messenger (pbuh) to beseech Allah (Glorious & Exalted) to hold back the rain because of the harm it had caused, so Allah's Messenger (pbuh) responded to his request, but with perceptiveness and wisdom. He (pbuh) asked his Lord (Blessed & Exalted), "Oh Allah, around us, and not on us." In other words, he asked that the rain continue to bring benefit, but that it come down around the city, not on it, so that it would not harm its inhabitants. He did not come again and ask him (pbuh) for the rain not to come again since that would bring the destruction and harm of drought. This great wisdom of Allah's Messenger (pbuh), and his mercy and compassion for those he was sent to, is a sign and a testament to his prophethood (pbuh) and the truth of his message and everything he informed us of. Therefore, all we have mentioned in terms of the response of Allah (Glorious &
Exalted) to the prayers of his slaves is but a summary of observational proof of the Existence of Allah (Mighty & Majestic). 

Scriptural Proof

As for scriptural proof, it is too numerous to be counted, for the entire Holy Quran and everything authentically attributed to the Prophet (pbuh)—all the statements, sayings, and reports—give proof of the Existence of Allah (Mighty & Majestic). Allah Most High spoke the truth when He said about the masterfully-placed verses of His Book, in testament to His elegant phrasing,

for He is the Wise God Who is Well-Aware

{Had it been from other than Allah, they would surely have found therein much contradiction.}

[Al-Nisaa' 4:82]

{This is a Book, the Verses of which are perfected (in every sphere of knowledge) and then explained in detail from One (Allah), Who is All-Wise and Well-Acquainted (with all things).}

[Hud 11: 1] 

Inimitable Proof from the Prophets and Messengers

There is further proof of Allah's Existence, Oneness, Supreme Attributes and Absolute Power in that with which the prophets and messengers came—in the miracles and wonders—which testify to the truth of his propethood, his message, and his call, since they cannot be denied by anyone of sound nature. On the contrary, they agree with it completely. In this point, we find corroboration with that before it, in that it is proof and testimony of the
scriptural evidence. We would like to point out that:

The greatest of these miracles with which the prophets and messengers were supported as testament and proof of the truth of their call is: the Holy Quran, for it is the Book sent down by Allah (Blessed & Exalted) upon the Seal of His Prophets and Messengers, Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him). As such, the Holy Quran is the permanent, perpetual miracle until the Final Hour, since no
messenger or prophet will come after the Seal of the Prophets and Messengers, Muhammad (pbuh). The coming of the Prophet (pbuh) sealed all messages, which is why it was from Allah's Great Wisdom to preserve this Great Scripture—the Holy Quran—as an everlasting, permanent miracle to stand as testament to the prophethood and message of the Seal of the Prophets and Messengers, Muhammad (pbuh), to the truth of his call and the veracity of all he was sent to inform us of, in terms of the Existence of Allah Almighty, the Creator God, His Oneness, Supreme Attributes and Absolute Power… In that way, the Holy Quran which was sent down upon the Seal of the Prophets and Messengers, Muhammad (pbuh), due to the miracles contained therein, testify that it is the Word of the Lord of the Worlds, irrefutable testimony of the truth of his call and the veracity of all he came to inform us of.

Allah's Messenger (pbuh) said

"There did not come any prophet, except that he was given of signs that in which human beings would believe, and verily, what I was given is a revelation revealed to me by Allah, so I hope I will be the one of those with the most followers on the Day of Resurrection."

[Sahih al-Bukhari]

So, no prophet was sent to his people, supported by miracles from Allah (Glorious & Exalted) except that these miracles would eventually cease and their influence and persuasive force would end upon the death of that prophet, which is the opposite of the case with the nation of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), since his greatest miracle—the Holy Quran—is permanent and perpetual, even after his death (pbuh). Its influence and persuasive power has been preserved. This is for no other reason than that he is the Seal of the Prophets and Messengers (pbuh), sent by our Lord (Blessed & Exalted) to all nations and to the whole of mankind. 

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