Day of ‘Eed (10th day of Thul-Hijjah)
Day of ‘Eed (10th day of Thul-Hijjah)
A pilgrim heads for Mina shortly before sunrise (of the tenth of Thul-Hijjah i.e. the Day of Sacrifice). Pilgrims should leave in a state of tranquility and calmness, but when they pass through the valley called Muhassir, they should go faster. Pilgrim then should pick up the pebbles which are beans i.e. slightly bigger than chickpeas, while he is on his way to Mina or elsewhere. Upon reaching Mina, pilgrims are to head for Jamratul-‘Aqabah (the nearest Jamrah to Makkah which is called the Great Jamrah) and stone it with seven consecutive pebbles and recite Takbeer upon throwing each pebble. The time for stoning is after sunrise, and extends until the dawn of the night of the eleventh day of Thul-Hijjah.
After stoning Jamratul-‘Aqabah, it is preferable for a pilgrim who performs Hajj as Tamattu‘ or Qiraan to slaughter the obligatory sacrificial animal. Such a pilgrim has to buy a sacrificial animal to slaughter and distribute its meat among the poor, keeping a share for himself to eat.
Afterwards, a pilgrim shaves his head or cuts his hair short, yet shaving is better. If a pilgrim chooses to shorten his hair, then he must shorten all his hair and not only some of it.
As for a female pilgrim, she should only shorten her hair by cutting a small part equivalent to a fingertip of each hair braid (or of the tips of her hairs).
After stoning Jamratul-‘Aqabah and shaving or cutting the hair short, a pilgrim becomes in as state of semi-consecration, namely the first (partial) release of Ihraam. That is to say, everything is lawful for him except for having sexual intercourse with his wife.
After throwing pebble at Jamratul-‘Aqabah, slaughtering the sacrificial animal, and shaving or shortening the hair, a pilgrim then proceeds to Makkah to perform Ifaadah (Going-forth) Tawaaf. After that, a pilgrim performs Sa‘y if he is performing Hajj as Tamattu‘, or as Qiraan or Ifraad but he has not performed it following the Arrival Tawaaf. Yet, if a pilgrim is performing Hajj as Qiraan or Ifraad and has already performed Sa‘y following the Arrival Tawaaf, then he does not have to perform another Sa‘y after Ifaadah Tawaaf. A pilgrim gets the complete release after performing Tawaaf in the Sacred House.
Those four rituals are to be performed in the following order: Stoning Jamratul-‘Aqabah, slaughtering the sacrificial animal, shaving or shortening the hair, and performing the Ifaadah Tawaaf followed by Sa‘y. Performing these rituals in this order is recommended. So there is no sin on a pilgrim if he has to perform them in a way other than the aforesaid order.
After the completion of the Ifaadah Tawaaf, it is obligatory for a pilgrim to return to Mina on the Feast Day and to spend the night there. Thus, a pilgrim is to spend the night of that day at Mina, remaining there for three nights if he not in a hurry. Otherwise, if a pilgrim is in a hurry, he may stay there only for two night: 11th and 12th of Thul-Hijjah. A pilgrim should spend most of the night there. At that time, a pilgrim is to shorten all prayers without combining them; each prayer is to be performed at its due time.
A pilgrim has to throw pebbles at each of the three Jamrahs of Mina on each of the Days of Tashreeq. Throwing pebbles is to be formed when the sun declines (i.e. at noon). A pilgrim should start with the First Jamrah which is the nearest to Mina and Al-Khayf Mosque. A pilgrim should throw seven consecutive pebbles at each Jamrah, raising his hands upon each throw and saying: Allahu Akbar. Then one should proceed a little, stand facing the Qiblah, raise his hands and make a prolong supplications. Then one comes to Middle Jamrah to throw it. Then one should proceed a little, stand facing the Qiblah, raise his hands and make a prolong supplications. Then proceed to the Greater Jamrah to throw and stand there.
As for pilgrims who cannot throw the pebbles themselves due to sickness or old age, as well as pregnant women and those women who might be harmed by the throng of pilgrims, it is permissible for them to ask for someone else to throw the pebbles on their behalf. The one who performs stoning on behalf of another can throw the pebbles for himself and for the other pilgrim as the same time.
Having finished stoning on the twelfth of Thul-Hijjah, a pilgrim is free either to return to Makkah before sunset or to spend the night (of the twelfth of Thul-Hijjah) in Mina, and throw pebbles at the three Jamrahs on the following day, the thirteenth, after the sun decline (at noon). Yet, the latter choice is better.
On the twelfth of Thul-Hijjah, if the sun sets while a pilgrim is still in Mina, then he must spend the night there and do the pebble throwing on the following day.
If a female pilgrim has menstruated or has a postpartum period after or before assuming Ihraam, she remains in her Ihraam. She can perform all the rites of Hajj as other pilgrims do, such as standing at ‘Arafah, spending the night at Muzdalifah, throwing the pebbles, and spending the night at Mina. Still, it is impermissible for her in such cases to perform Tawaaf or Sa‘y unless she purifies herself from the state of major ritual impurity.
Farewell Tawaaf: If a pilgrim desires to return to his home country or elsewhere after finishing all the rites of Hajj and prepared for traveling, just before leaving Makkah he has to perform Farewell Tawaaf so as to be the last thing done in Makkah. Again, a menstruating pilgrim is exempted from performing the Farewell Tawaaf, so she can travel without doing it.
Praise be to Allaah The Almighty. The book has been finished
And Allaah is the Most High and knows best. May peace and blessing of Allaah be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his household and all his companions.