3. Third Approach

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3. Third Approach. One, who does not possess perfect Attributes, does not deserve to be ilah (deity) and this is why Ibraheem said, “Why do you worship that which hears not, nor
sees...” [Soorah Maryam (19): 42] and Allah said in the refutation of those who worshiped the calf, “Did they not see that it could neither speak to them nor guide them to the way?” [Soorah al-A'raaf (7): 148]
4.Fourth Approach. Verily, affirmation of Attributes is
perfection, and denying them is deficiency. So, he who does not possess Attributes is either nonexistent or imperfect, and Allah is free from it.
5.Fifth Approach. Making Taweel (changing the meaning) of the Attributes from its apparent meaning has no proof, so it is false. And making Tafweed (leaving the meaning to Allah) means that Allah has addressed us in the Qur'aan with something which we do not understand and He has asked us to ponder over the whole Qur'aan but how can we ponder over it when we do not understand its meaning?
Thus, it has been proved from the above that it is crucial to affirm the Names and Attributes of Allah as they are and deny any resemblance to the creation, as Allah said, “There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.” [Soorah ash-Shura (42): 11]
So, He negated for Himself resemblance to anything, and affirmed for Himself Hearing and Sight. Therefore, it has been proved that affirming the Attributes (of Allah) does not necessitate resemblance, and it also proves affirming the Attributes along with negation of resemblance. This is the meaning of the saying of Ahlus-Sunnah walJamaa'ah regarding denial and affirmation of the Names and Attributes -‘Affirmation without resemblance and Purification (of Allah from any defect) without denial.’
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