Features of Tawhid
There are several important features of tawhid that we should discuss here: The first of these is:
1. tawhid Al-ruboobia. This is based firmly in the belief that Allah is the One, the Single Sustainer and Provider, and that He has no partners or associates. It is He who created the heavens and the earth and all that they contain, and none shares divinity with Him.
2. Tawhid Al-Uloohia. means to worship Him only whom we believe as One Creator. To believe in the first category only is useless if the second is not applied, in other words, tawhid Al-ruboobia must be compared with Tawhid Al-Uloohiya (to worship the One).
3. Tawhid Al-Asmaa Wassifaat. Means believing in the most beautiful and perfect names and attributes of Allah. False notions about Allah, His names and attributes would lead to the corruption of one’s faith and then it will not be beneficial even to believe in one God, such as believing that He needs to take rest or His knowledge is not perfect, such as also this story in the Bible which reads, “And the Lord spoke to Moses “Speak to the children of Israel.. They shall take for them a lamb.. You shall eat it with your loins girded, and your shoes on your feet, and you shall eat it in haste: For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, and the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where you are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the Land of Egypt.” (Exodus 12:1-13)
It is blasphemy in Islam to believe that Allah requested from His servants to make a sign for Him at the door-step in order to identify the inhabitants, whether they are Israelites or Egyptians! The Merits of Tawhid
Tawhid has many merits and virtues:
• It is based on the believing - and then the worshiping – of the One Creator alone apart from any other partner.
• It is a simple belief, free of complex doctrines and philosophies, untouched by secrets and mysteries. For mystery and guidance are words with two opposite meanings.
• It liberates man from the bondage of shirk, from the worship of created things beside Allah to the worship of the One Who created them. Allah said, “Legislation [ruling] is not but for Allah; He has commanded that you worship none but Him.” (12:40) Ruler and ruled should both be ruled and governed by the judgement of Allah alone. The first khalifa, the first successor to the Messenger of Allah used to say, “Obey me in so far as I obey Allah among you, but if I disobey Him, then there is no more obedience to me over you.” (Assunan for Al-Baihaqy V. 6 P. 353)
■ It stands constantly and in harmony with the nature of mankind, without contradiction. Nature and the religion of Allah both tighten to tawhid, no trinity, no partners with god, no Idols, no mediators, and no innovations.
■ It is a stable and solid creed that does not change with the passing of time or the turning over of generations.
■ It is a belief supported by unimpeachable proof and evidence to prove that it is always sound and correct, and you may contemplate the following verses from the Qur’an: “Oh people, an example is given so listen to it. Those you invoke apart from Allah will never create a fly even if they gathered together for [doing] it; and even if a fly should steal a [tiny] thing from them they could not recover it from it. Weak are [both] the
seeker and the sought!” (22:73) “Had there been gods other than Allah in them [i.e, the heavens and the earth] both would have been ruined; so glory be to Allah, the Lord of the Throne above what they describe.” (21:22) “The example of those who have taken allies to them apart from Allah, is as the likeness of the spider who takes [construct] a house; and indeed the weakest of houses is the house of the spider, if they but know.” (29:41)
“Say, ‘Do you see what you invoke besides Allah? If Allah decided to harm me, could they remove His harm from me? Or if He wished me a mercy, could they hold His mercy back?" Say, "Allah is enough for me upon Whom [alone] rely the dependents.” (39:38)
“Those whom you invoke apart from Allah are servants like you; so call them and let them respond to you, if you are truthful. ” (7:194) “Have they not seen that Allah, Who created the heavens and earth - and did not fail in their creation - is able to give life to the dead? Yes; surely He is powerful over everything.” (46:33)
■ Tawhid calls us to abandon on following blindly the traditions of parents and ancestors and requires us to think deeply and carefully, to seek the truth with sincerity and determination. “And thus We never sent a Warner before you [Muhammad] into any town but the wealthy [affluent] ones among them said, "We found our fathers following a way, and we’re seeking the guidance of their footsteps. Then [each warner] said, "What if I brought you a guidance that is than what you found your fathers following?" They said, "We reject what you’ve been sent with.” (43:23-24) “And when it is said to them, ‘Follow what Allah has sent down,’
they say, ‘No; but we follow what we found our fathers doing.’ What if their fathers had no understanding of anything, and if they were not guided? (2:170) In an other verse: “What if Satan was calling them (their fathers) to the torment of Hellfire!” (31:21)
■ Tawhid is a call to moderation with no excessiveness or extremism. Indeed, religious extremism always has disastrous consequences. Islam steers a middle course between those who insulted the Messiah, scorned him, and finally rejected him, and those who exaggerated their love for him to the point of worshipping him as God. The Messiah was not a liar as the Jews say, and neither was he God and Sustainer as the Christians claim. Jesus is a servant of Allah and a messenger sent by Him.
The Islamic creed is an indivisible whole made up of a series of doctrines, each linked to the other. Denial of any one of these constitutes becomes a denial of all of them. It is useless faith for someone to believe that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, but deny that Moses and Jesus were also Allah’s messengers. It is useless faith for someone who believes that the Qur’an is divinely revealed but deny the revelation
of the Torah and the Gospel.(38)
Christians and Jews believe in part of Allah’s revelation and deny other parts. While the Muslim obliges himself to believe in the books that were revealed unto Moses and Jesus, we find neither the Christians nor Jews believe in the Qur’an. Christians and Jews continue to believe in some of the prophets and reject others. The Jews disbelieve in Jesus and Christians disbelieve in Muhammad. While Christians appeal to the Jews to believe in Jesus, they take a negative action against Muhammad similar to that of the Jews against Jesus, and both agree upon the denial of Muhammad. While Islam appeals to both cults to believe in all books and all messengers.
Christians and Jews will not be appealing to the Muslims to believe in Jesus and Moses, for the Muslim knows that believing in Moses and Jesus is one of the conditions of faith rooted in the belief in Muhammad, and to deny any of the prophets would be a denial of all of them. Allah said in the Qur’an,
“The people of Noah denied the messengers.” (26:105) We know that Noah’s people did not deny all of the messengers, they only denied Noah. But Allah regarded their denial of Noah as a denial of the rest of all the
Thus Allah says in the Qur’an, “Those who disbelieve in Allah and His messengers, and wish to discriminate between Allah and His messengers and say: we believe in some and disbelieve in others, and wish to adopt a way between: those are the disbelievers truly. And We have prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating punishment. ” (4:150)
Then the focus is immediately shifted to belief and Allah says, “But for those who believe in Allah and His messengers and do not discriminate between any of them – to those He is going to give their rewards. And Allah is ever Forgiving, most Merciful .” (4:152)
Muslims still continue on calling the Jews and the Christians to believe in the message of Muhammad and both communities still refuse to believe in his Prophethood. The attitude of the Muslim will always be, “We make no distinction between one and the other of Allah’s messengers”. While the attitude of the Christians
is “ We make distinction between them: Jesus is a prophet but better than all prophets because he is also god, and Muhammad is not a prophet. And the attitude of the Jews is that Jesus and Muhammad are not prophets.
They deny Muhammad simply because he is the son of Hajar but not Sarah, and because Paul encouraged not to listen to the son of the concubine (slave) woman, but Allah does not make difference between His servants and He chooses whom He pleases for His message. God is not Racist The Bible says, “For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by a slave, and one by a free woman… But what does the scripture say? ‘Cast out the slave and her son; for the son of the slave shall not inherit with the son of the free woman.’ So, brethren we are not children of the slave but of the free woman.” (Galatians 4:22)
(38) The Torah is the Revelation received by Moses. The Pentateuch contains the five books the Jews believe were revealed to Moses. We do not know how much of the revelation received by Moses, if any, has survived in these books. The Gospel is the Revelation received by Jesus. The four Gospels of the Christians are biographies of Jesus containing some of his teachings. They also include accounts of his birth and death. None of the Gospels are attributed to Jesus and none of them could have been the Gospel referred to in Islamic sources.