New Vision of Time
We introduce our fellow readers a new vision of time, universe and physical laws that Allah has placed to maintain the universe and to keep it steady.
Firstly, I would like to tell you that this theory is totally inspired from Quran, most of which criticizes the nowadays prevailing ideas, which are considered by scientists, global constants.
After a long scrutiny and reading in the Book of Allah, it shows that there is no constant in the universe; this is where the idea came in. Time changes and continuously evolves so as laws of physics and materials. We find this consistent with what the Almighty says:
"Have they not pondered upon themselves? Allah created not the heavens and the earth, and that which is between them, save with truth and for a destined end. But truly many of mankind are disbelievers in the meeting with their Lord." [AR-RÛM: 8]. And He says in [verse 11] of the same Surah: "Allah produceth creation, He reproduceth it, then unto Him ye will be returned."
Based on this verse, the creation starts from a scratch and evolves, then will return as it was, i.e., there is a "life circulation" of every creature in the universe. It is reality that time is considered a creature, so is the laws that govern the materials as well as the materials, all of which has started from a scratch and will return to zero point after all. It is only Allah who remains!
The research's idea came in 19 years ago. In 1990, I was following up new scientific discoveries in physics at the same time of memorizing Quran. I stopped eagerly at a great Hadith of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, wherein he confirmed that the distance separating us from the first heaven is 500 years, and the skies is 500 years away from each other.
But the numbers that I used to read about the distance that separates us from galaxies were much larger. Nowadays, scientists believe that lights of the galaxies take more than 20000000000 (twenty thousand million) years to reach us! From here the idea aroused into my mind: the speed of light is inconstant unlike what the scientists believe, and this is based on Relativity Theory, and then the idea developed in my mind, and found that the physical laws governing the universe (such as the law of gravitation and other laws) are also inconstant.
Then, the origin idea developed to a theory which summed up that large cosmic distances are not like small ones, i.e., there is a change in place or space. In other words, we cannot continue measuring the distance endlessly, but there is a specific distance where the universe terminated at. Also, there is a specific time that cannot be bypassed, and there is a specific speed in the universe that cannot be surmounted.
The new theory derived from Quran and Sunnah (Prophet Muhammad's sayings)
Of course beloved ones, we have a lot of creative ideas, so as many young Muslims do, but because of our "scientific backwardness". We do no have the means to present these ideas but through Western scientific journals which are basically written from an atheist point of view. This is logically impossible; [as Westerns separates between religion and science]. Personally, I refuse to write any scientific research if not linked with religion and that Quran is the origin source. Moreover, we cannot separate between science and religion at all. Furthermore, we do not find those who can adopt such theories derived from Quran and Sunnah!!
Therefore, post this theory to assure the people who criticize scientific miracles mentioned in Quran, that we are not just sitting and waiting for the west to reveal the truth. Truth is, we seek, strive and try to discover these facts according to our abilities, and our reference is unaltered Quranic verses, which is contrary to the Western scholars who have nothing but what they see and touch.
Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him said: "The division of time has turned to its original form which was current when Allah created the Heavens and the Earths. The year is of twelve months, out of which four months are sacred: Three are in succession Dhul-Qa' da, Dhul-Hijja and Muharram, and (the fourth is) Rajab of (the tribe of) Mudar which comes between Jumadi-ath-Thaniyah and Sha ban." In this Hadith, there is a straight and strong indication that time is changing, not constant. What does that mean? It means that the "time circulation" is changing quickly and continuously varies through the passage of years. Also, we can apply this Hadith according to the theory of "time circulation" which means that time has the same mechanism of water circulation called the (hydrological cycle).
However, the hydrological cycle happens every year, but the "time circulation" happens over billions of years. Consequently, this signifies that the speed of light is not constant as believed which equals (300 thousand kilometers per second), but it is constantly changing with the passage of time. For example, we can not suddenly reach hundred kilometers from zero; in other words, you have to start from a scratch, speed up, slow down and stop! So as the light; when Allah created it; it began at the speed of zero and then evolved until it reached its speed now, then it shall slow down to zero.
In order to understand this theory, we should look to the time as a "living being" that has a beginning and an end!! This is referred to in holly Quran in a great verse: "He is Who hath created you from clay, and hath decreed a term for you. A term is fixed with Him. Yet still ye doubt!" [AL-An'ÂM: 2]. It is meant here that the term is the time, which means that Allah created the term to control creatures. He also applied that upon time. This will mark the Day of Resurrection, where either be immortal in Hell or Heaven.
Henceforth, we can say that time started at zero at the beginning of universe, then it accelerated until it reached the maximum speed. It will begin to slow down until it reaches zero again. This marks the new idea which I wish to raise through this research. Thus, the speed of light at the beginning of the universe was at zero point, then accelerated to its critical limits, going towards slowing down until it stops and fades like the rest of the creatures, and this is what we find in the verse: "Everything will perish save His countenance. His is the command, unto Him ye will be brought back." [AL-Qasas: 88].
The physical laws governing the universe, such as the law of Universal gravitation is not constant. At the beginning of creation of the universe, there weren't any laws. They were created at the same time the raw material created, by which the Universe was created; (you could say metaphorically at same time of the big bang, and I like to call it the global Big Crunch). Then these laws developed but are constantly changing.
We have to look to physical laws as a "living being" that is developing and has a circulation as well as the time. For example, the gravity law which requires any two objects arise between them in gravitational force inversely proportional with distance square between them. This law is not fixed, and at the beginning of the universe, it was not existed at all. Allah created it with material and time, and will expire when it's time. "On the day when the earth will be changed to other than the earth, the heavens (also will be changed) and they will come forth unto Allah, the One, the Almighty." [IBRAHÎM: 48]. In this verse, we find a reference to the changing nature of materials, where there is a changing nature of the laws that govern this illustration.
To complete this theory, we must apply it on place! Or what scientists call "space". Originally, the place existed not at the beginning of creation, therefore it originated from a very small point and began to grow and evolve and still expanding. This is stated in [AZ-ZÂRIYÂT: 47] "We have built the heaven with might, and We it is who make the vast extent (thereof)."
The place has a special circulation that I can call it, "place circulation", i.e., that the place started from a scratch and will return to, according to an accurate universal circulation that proves the greatness of the Almighty Allah. "The Day when We shall roll up the heavens and a recorder rolleth up a written scroll. As We began the first creation, we shall repeat it. (It is) a promise (binding) upon us. Lo! We are to perform it." [AL-ANBIYÂ: 104].
The new idea to be proved in this research is that everything in this universe is variable, and that Allah's words are not changeable. We can represent the visible universe by three axes: the first represents the place, the second represents the physical laws governing the universe, and the third represents the time. There are equations governing the change of place, time and laws. Law I: change of law/change of time (T /L), and the second law is: change of place / change of time (P/ T). Everything in this universe is the same; Man grows up, changes, and then dies. This applies to time, mathematical laws and the place as well.
Mathematical equations required to be proved
We have to look for the rate of change in, "time flow" over billions of years. We can put the following simple equations:
Law I: rate of change of physical laws to change of time.
Act I: rate of place change to rate of time change.
If we have the ability to learn about these laws, then it would be easy for us to re-calculate the age of the universe, life on Earth and the life of man on Earth, and other figures which have been measured on the basis that laws are constant, not changeable.
This figure represents the change rate of light speed with the passage of time; where it started from a scratch, evolved and accelerated until it reaches the maximum and will then slow down until it stops. We may now stop in the middle of the road after the maximum speed during phase of time, slowing until the terminal which is the Day of Resurrection. This change to the speed of light and other laws will lead to a re-correction of all known physical laws.
If this research becomes true, what will that mean? It will mean a lot, and will enumerate in the following points:
1 - If the speed of light is not constant, then it means that all measurements of cosmic universe such as the size of universe and location and speed of galaxies and how far they are located from us... All these numbers will change and new figures will show up; more accurate than the numbers we have today. In other words, the age of the universe won't be 13 billion years, as estimated by scientists today, but will be less than that.
2 - All the numbers that determine the age of Earth, the age of monuments, the age of rocks, history of Man and the existence of living things... All these numbers will be changed and new numbers will come up and will be less than the current figures. In other words, scientists will have to get into their accounts the changes in laws of physics, place and time.
Finally, the reader might wonder: Can physicists agree with this theory? or there will be critic. I say: "based on this current knowledge, we can not criticize to prove this theory, as it remains under tests and study until we have mathematical evidence. But I for one, and as Moslem I see that it goes with what is mentioned in the Holy Quran and Sunnah. Oh Allah, I seek refuge in You from the knowledge of no benefit.